Belize with Mayan history
As LatinAmericanPost stated a couple of months ago, a team of archaeologists led by Geoffrey Braswell, a professor of anthropology at the University of California, San Diego, United States, had found a unique remnant in an archaeological site of Nim Li Punit (Belize): a large piece of carved jade belonging to an ancient Mayan king.
The results of the studies appeared until now. That T-shaped pendant was inside a tomb that was in a palace built around the year 400. In that place there were also 25 pottery vessels and a large stone cup with the form of deity.
Depending on its size - 18.8 centimeters wide and 10.4 high - this is a unique find, being the second largest piece of Mayan jade that has appeared to date in that Central American country. In addition, these specialists estimate that the president used that ornament during key religious ceremonies.
These investigators indicate that in the pendant are carved 30 hieroglyphs that detail the ancestors of all their owners, to the first owner. Depending on the Maya glyph, its shape indicates that it means 'wind and breath'.
For this civilization, the wind was vital because it brought the annual monsoon rains that grew the crops, so that the Mayan kings, as divine rulers and responsible for the climate, performed rituals according to their sacred calendar to encourage precipitation.
The inscription on its back indicates that the pendant was first used in one of these ceremonies in 672, when it is estimated that the region suffered a climatic change accompanied by droughts. This would indicate that the jewel could document the beginning of the end of the Mayas, that was provoked by the climatological rigors, among other factors.