Chibcha’s discoveries revealing the secret
The number of mummies delivered to the National University by the Colombian Institute of Anthropology and History, ICANH, belong to the Muisca, Lache, Yuco and Guane cultures of the Chibcha family, who inhabited the cundiboyacense region, the limits of Boyaca and northwestern Casanare department and the Mesa de los Santos, Santander.
To advance with the discoveries, they will rely on the study of microorganisms in the damaged bone pieces.
The team will take x-rays to determine bone cranial and measures aspects such as skulls, which will determine the complexion and its proximity to other populations.
Within the group of mummies analyzed a considerable number of remains belonging to young children.
The absence of caries in some individuals is evident. The first six permanent molars in other remains possible to infer that the rituals of mummification were children two years for the former and eight years.
"There is another case of a baby within months mummies, because we found no evidence of eruption of teeth" illustrates the teacher and dentist María Clemencia Vargas, Ph.D. in Physical Anthropology.
Regarding burial practices, some of the mummies have three wraps of fabrics, most of them tied with strings in the arms and hands. And also important the bodies are in a fetal position.
According to investigators, in many cultures and Chibcha is no exception, burial rituals were held for members with a hierarchical importance within the group.
In the study of mitochondrial evidence to establish closeness or provenance with other Colombian prehispanic groups conducted DNA.
The family commonly called Chibcha to which Muisca culture belongs occupied mainly the territories that now comprise the departments of Boyaca and Cundinamarca in Colombia today. Muisca refers to a nation of the Chibcha culture that formed the Muisca Confederation. Scientists identify the Muisca group as a people who migrated to cundiboyacense plateau between 5,500 and 1,000 B.C. Like other Pre-Classic cultures of America, muiscas were in a transition between nomadic and sedentary lifestyle.