Latin America keeps defying Montesquieu
Almost with the accuracy of a Swiss watch, after three years of his administration, the presidents of Paraguay, and since the fall of the dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner, begin to feel the need to screw up to power and start a campaign, sometimes in a sly way and in other cases openly, to achieve presidential reelection, prohibited by the 1992 Constitution that expressly states "they can not be reelected in any case."
Milda Rivarola argues that there should be no re-election in the country or in any country of Latin America as proposed by a political sector.
Because of this lock in the Constitution, almost all the presidents of the democratic era sought to modify the Constitution, and the tool that they tried to use, until now without success, was always the amendment.
Nicanor Duarte Frutos tried and despite having a very strong movement within the ANR, did not achieve its purpose.
At the same time Fernando Lugo, with strong popular support, also sought it in 2011, but did not have much resonance, because he did not have a majority of his own in Parliament.
Now the case of the campaign for the re-election of Horacio Cartes has been paralyzing and polarizing the country for almost a year. In all three cases it is said that "the people are the one who asks" re-election.
The power. Sociologist Milda Rivarola, in dialogue with UH, explained the phenomenon by saying that "history is full of people who engulfs themselves with power, especially with the economic advantages that this gives."
He indicated that this desperation to remain in power is given for two reasons: First for ambition, since power opens a lot of doors and puts it in the first row not only the ruler, but all around.
The other reason is self-defense. Rivarola said that with the former presidents "there is an almost perverse phenomenon where it is attacked and destroyed, not only by its political enemies, but also by its own former allies. The people who were benefited destroyed him even with rage, "he said.
He also analyzed that the first year of government the president "does nothing," because he is organizing his Cabinet.
The same thing happens to him in the year and a half before the next elections, where his own people abandon him trying to ingratiate himself with who will take the post.
He indicated that the internist, already facing the next election, where the president does not participate, steals power and practically no longer governs. He emphasized that this is due to an overload of political operation of proselytizing type.
He indicated that this phenomenon is due to the little institutionality of the Paraguayan political system, where, in the absence of a State policy, what was built by the previous government is destroyed.
"All this panorama leads the outgoing president to political death, a situation that saved Lugo for not having completed his mandate, but Nicanor did not forgive him and did not let him swear as a senator," he recalled.
According to him, if the reelection is given "the presidents will spend five years buying operators to ensure another period in power." He said that this situation is seen in the Municipalities.
"The advantage and privilege of this system is to be sure that, after five years, the ruler leaves." And that’s the reason why Latin America should remember more often Montesquie and the Limitations of power in order to remain growing and neutral, to have more developed countries and less delayed political projects.