Latin America: less poverty, more vulnerability?
In this regard, it is ensured that inequality was also reduced, because 40 percent of low-income population increased their income above the average rate, thanks to the economic growth generated by the boom in raw materials, which resulted in more and better jobs.
Adding to that the contribution of social programs such as Bolsa Familia in Brazil, focused on breaking the intergenerational cycle of poverty in families with fewer resources adds, said the expert.
In sum, the region experiences a profound social transformation; however, the main challenge is to keep life expectancy amid a complicated context where the global economy and the availability of raw materials are reduced, he said.
Although the latest forecasts show economic growth in the region (1.8 percent in 2017), the pace will not be enough to accelerate progress against poverty and inequality, it is urgent to diversify production and destinations of such products Familiar Calderon said.
But the fight against inequality and preparation to the economy of the future will only be possible if we invest in people, from improved access to basic services like water, sanitation, education and health, he said.
According to the Human Development Report for Latin America and the Caribbean presented last June by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), nearly 30 million Latin Americans with precarious employment in the services sector, are now at risk of falling back into poverty.
While in the past, job creation and education were allowed 72 million people out of poverty in the region, vulnerability focuses on key factors that go beyond Gross Domestic Product (GDP), he said Jessica Faieta, UN undersecretary-general.
Foremost among these is the absence of policies for social protection systems of care to infants and the elderly, access to physical and financial (home, car, savings account, etc.) assets and unskilled worker, said economist UNDP chief for the region, George Gray.
These other add as tough of their race, skin color, sexual identity, immigrant status and disability, said Faieta, for whom poverty 'is not solved with more income, but with the implementation of specific policies of each Government '.
The also UNDP regional director for Latin America and the Caribbean said that although only five percent of the population is below the lines of global poverty, the region remains the most unequal, as women, youth, disabled and indigenous they are the most marginalized.
Nor does it mean they have resolved the social, economic and environmental problems, because as recalled Gray, Latin America still has a dependency on raw materials and natural resources, without that progress has often been to the detriment of the environment.
However, he said that in the past decade the region was the most innovative worldwide in terms of public policies that enabled 94 million people join the middle class from 2003 to 2013, therefore urges maintain what has been achieved.
For this, the Human Development Report calls for rethinking the Latin American model of progress from a multidimensional concept that transcends the use of per capita income, the rate of economic growth and GDP as criteria for measuring the level of development.
As it is expressed by Latin American through surveys conducted for the preparation of the rates shown in this article, Latin America dreams of its own progress: work, education, self-help, to be free to make decisions and learn from mistakes.