The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has worked with other United Nations organizations to increase and improve the quality of the information collected in censuses, in order to help improve the attention of the Group people, which many times are in oblivion.
Despite the fact that every effort has been made to have accurate information, United Nations organizations say that it is an arduous task. For example, thirteen Caribbean countries do not have statistical information on indigenous peoples, and only ten countries have included ethnic variables in household surveys to provide a more detailed picture of indigenous populations in the country.
However, it has been possible to obtain valuable information in the last round of census, the results showed that there are more than 36.6 million indigenous people in Latin America, representing 7% of the total population.
The countries with the largest indigenous population with 80% of the total were Mexico, Guatemala, Peru and Bolivia. Next is Argentina, Venezuela, Paraguay, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Brazil, with the lowest percentage of indigenous population; This data is the sum of people, respectively.
As for the distribution data according to ethnic groups, it is found that Amazonia is the region with the greatest diversity of indigenous peoples, represented by 316 collectivities, followed by Mesoamerica, Orinoco Basin, Andean Region and Gran Chaco region.
It is known that the areas with the lowest diversity of indigenous peoples are, the Pacific Coast and Patagonia. Report according to Sociolinguistic Atlas of Indigenous Peoples of Latin America.
In the list of countries with the most diversity of indigenous peoples, Brazil is ranked first with 241 ethnic groups, followed by 83 indigenous peoples in Colombia, Mexico has 67 different peoples, and Peru with 43. On the other hand, Where there is the smallest amount of indigenous population, such as Salvador, which has 3 indigenous peoples, Belize with 4 and Suriname with 5. It is important to note that the total number of indigenous peoples is not static, it must be understood that these Figures are variables that are in constant transformation.