The Argentinian film industry to excel Francisco Moreno
It is not only an action film, framed in the rivers and mountains of northern Patagonia, but also a work that exposes the role of one of the most important exploreRs in the country and whose cartography served for the Knowledge of the national territory.
"For the protectionists and lovers of parks, he is an idol because he was the founder of national parks. On the other hand, as an anthropologist he is known as a" bone collector "and is repudiated by all communities of the original peoples," he said.
In addition, "Escape of the Patagonia" has all the elements of a western: Indians who persecute the white man, who in turn must face other white men outlaws to reach the fort that the Army has at the gates of the proclaimed civilization .
"From the beginning we knew that we did not want to make a period film." It did not seem impossible for us to cover all the events of the expert's life, so we focused on one of his stories, which includes only one escape, Only six days.This allowed us to build an epic on a micro scale, which will focus on the action, survival and struggle of man with nature, "D'Eufemia said.
Nor did they skimp on resources such as horseback riding, rafting and some rapids that shook some actors who, although they do not have a poster, live up to this solid proposal.
"It was a very intense but rewarding experience, in which the whole team felt that by throwing ourselves into nature we replicated the spirit of the explorers of that time." In spite of all the complexity involved, "Added Zeballos.
The filmmakers explained that the film was filmed in six weeks on natural scenarios, with climates of 4 or 5 degrees below zero sailing in the river or 30 degrees in the sun in the desert, where they had to run and even fell off a horse.
- Why they decided to film everything in natural scenes and not to realize shots of study?
-The film is inspired by a diary of Moreno. The first challenge was to track the actual locations he had named and take the shoot there, which was not so difficult to find. But production limitations appeared, because there are legal issues to be able to carry it forward, such as non-navigable rivers. There is nothing trucado, the raft was of sticks, as seen in the film and weighed 500 kilos.
- It draws attention to the closeness of the characters with the camera, especially when navigating ...
- Not only was the raft with the actors, but the equipment, because the idea always was to have a stamp stuck to the actors. It is easier to film from afar and to cheat than to do it as we did. Being close to the river was a problem and we did not want to film from the safety of the coast, so we set up a duet with the wooden raft and a gomón, in which the production was traveling.
-It looks like an ambitious movie to be the first in fiction ...
"It was absolute unconsciousness on our part. Today the stage of realization and production would be another. We bowed our heads and went forward. The documentaries we made in the middle of this movie, which is more sinister because we started with this adventure. We always wanted to make a quality western. We always went to the locations and because nature is timeless, we could get the scenarios we wanted, but that was also sometimes a complication because nature does not control it.
-As for the expert Moreno, you do not judge him, but make clear that thanks to his work was slaughtered to the original peoples ...
-The idea is not to lower line, but to generate questions to reflect and who wants to investigate because there is much information from both sides. The socio-political conflict is latent in the film. The story is prior to the debacle and those opinions can be seen. The doubts are in sight in all the characters with the conflict on the verge of exploding.
-The figure of Francisco Moreno is very controversial ...
"Yes, and he was not well regarded as an employee of the Buenos Aires government, he was a sort of avowed spy. The last great step of the Desert Campaign is given by Moreno cartographies. Although he was an expeditionary and did not command the armies, many see it as a betrayal of the Mapuche's confidence.
"How did you decide to tackle it?"
"It was delicate. One does not want to take advantage of something that does not live or know. We wanted to show the figure away from the hero and as a man convulsed by the geopolitics of that moment. He was a humanist in a year in which President Julio Argentino Roca said in Congress: "We must annihilate the Indians that surface in Patagonia."
-In the film there are Mapuche actors and they speak in that language. How did they approach the work with the communities, taking into account that controversy?
"They were returning to Moreno's image, but explaining the approach was not a barrier to doing it. In fact, everyone participated with the best predisposition. They worked referring to Mapuche who advised on the ritual of healing that appears in the film. In that sense, we wanted to reflect the Mapuche culture, without being a film whose intention is that.