The feathered Serpent mysteries don’t cease
Chichen Itza, now a World Heritage Site, is located in the north of the Yucatan peninsula.
Between wells of water and cenotes, the city preserves vestiges of the advances reached by the Maya civilization in architecture, design, mathematics, and the measurement of the time. Its greatest treasure is the pyramid dedicated to the god Kukulcan or the feathered serpent, seated in a plate of 55 meters and a height of 24 meters.
In the 1930s a first substructure was found inside the pyramid, and in August of 2015 it was found to be built on a hollow: a body of water or cenote, which from north to south measures 25 meters and in its widest part 30 Or 35, with a depth of more than 20 meters.
Then archeologists were interested in knowing if there were more structures inside the pyramid, also known as El Castillo.
Thus, on November 16, a group of specialists from the UNAM and the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) confirmed the existence of a second substructure, thanks to a three-dimensional electrical tomography.
Using this technology designed by scientists of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), never used in another part of the world, it was possible to determine that this second substructure has a height of more than 10 meters.
The INAH researcher, Denisse Lorenia Argote Espino, explained that the "fact of glimpsing the presence of this structure would be talking about a very original settlement, getting deeper into the pure Maya culture."
He explained that "in the case of the pure Mayas, we are talking about a social group originated in the Yucatan peninsula without external influences." This means that they were not influenced by the populations of central Mexico. "
The researcher of the Institute of Geophysics of the UNAM, René Chavez Segura, explained that this discovery made through the three-dimensional electrical tomography, "is like the dolls matrioskas (Russian) of the grandota we take another and another and another" .
In this regard, researcher Argote Espino explained that ancient cultures did not destroy their structures, but built on them, because of the sacred status of the sites.
They were considered cosmic axes; places where rulers or priests were in contact with other spiritual planes, therefore, they cannot simply be destroyed, "he said.
Regarding the technology used, the head of the project, Chavez Segura, said that "a novelty is that we use flat electrodes in an area where you cannot nail or do some type of work because, it can be said, Chichen Itza is sacred. "
The specialists pointed out that in a previous intervention it was determined that below this pyramid there is a body of water, on which the different stages of the same were built.
Kukulkan is a pyramid of four sides, each one has 91 steps and one that leads to its upper temple with a total of 365 steps, equal to the number of days of the year.
At the base of its main stairway are two heads with the figure of the feathered serpent that is the graphic representation of the God Kukulkán.
During the equinoctial sunsets rays of light penetrate the north corner of the facade forming seven isosceles triangles of light on the staircase, which simulates through the hours, the movement of the body of a snake that ends in one of the heads of The staircase.
Kukulkán was voted informally, as one of the new seven wonders of the modern world, with the recognition of millions of voters around the world and with many secrets yet to be discovered we prove one more time that Latin American culture is endless and still has a lot to give out to the world.