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From January 1, the extreme right of Brazil will govern the Latin American giant
This Tuesday, January 1, Jair Bolsonaro, takes the reins of Brazil. The new president, considered by many as the Brazilian Donald Trump, is characterized by his strong and controversial statements.
Leer en español: La era de Bolsonaro ha comenzado
The Brazilian is a former soldier who won the country's polls with 55% of the votes and who defeated the candidate Fernando Haddad of the Workers' Party (PT). However, it is important to note that before Bolsonaro led the polls, former President Da Silva was leading the vote intention, regardless he was in jail for corruption.
The right-wing candidate comes to lead a country where the previous governments had been left. As he said the night of the result through Facebook, "I will govern next to the Constitution." He also affirmed that "All together we are going to change the destiny of Brazil", "We cannot keep flirting with socialism, with communism, populism or leftist extremism". Ratifying his political position.
However, it is worth asking: What is the new president facing?
The 3 challenges of Bolsonaro
One of the main challenges is poverty, because according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), 2 million Brazilians joined the population living in poverty, 54.8 million people lived in poverty in 2018. As stated by Huffington Post, "the northeast region has more than 25 million people facing problems with their basic services, among them: lack of drinking water, sewerage and without garbage collection services".
In the Bolsonaro campaign, he had proposed maintaining measures to combat poverty, such as the Bolsa Família Program. According to the Platform for Food and Nutritional Security (SAN), "it is a program of monetary transfers that contributes to the fight against poverty and inequality in Brazil. It was created in October 2003 and seeks to benefit families living in poverty and extreme poverty".
Perhaps you are interested in reading: How will Bolsonaro’s cabinet be formed?
However, regarding the creation of a family sterilization plan, according to the Brazilian newspaper Folha de Sao Paulo, Bolsonaro said he was not "authorized to talk about it yet, but I would like to create a family planning program. A woman with studies would hardly want to have a child to be in the social program".
2. Pensions' system
According to El Mundo, "the pension system is generous and unfair". This is because Brazilians can retire after completing 30 or 35 years of work.
In this case, it is possible that once they are pensioners they can continue working. The other way to access the pension is to reach 65 years old. It is hoped that through reforms, access to pensions will be less generous, but more equitable in order to create a capitalization model.
3. The scandal
Days before the new president's possession, his son and his former driver were accused of tax evasion. According to the newspaper El Periódico, the Council for the Control of Financial Activities (COAF), identified 1.2 million reals (305,033 dollars), which were deposited to the Fabricio Queiroz account, between 2016-2017.
Undoubtedly, the announcement of this new scandal is not beneficial for Bolsonaro, specially when he promised to end bad political practices. However, not only would Bolsonaro's son be involved, but also his wife, Michelle Bolsonaro.
According to El Tiempo, one of the movements is a deposit of $ 24,000 reais in the account of Michelle Bolsonaro. The now president has denied any accusation and said the transaction was due to the payment of a debt that his wife had with Queiroz.
LatinAmerican Post | Laura Viviana Guevara Muñoz
Translated from "La era de Bolsonaro ha empezado"