5 things you should know about the surrealist movement

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Here we will tell you five things you should know about the Surrealist artistic movement

5 things you should know about the surrealist movement

Leer en español: 5 cosas que debes saber sobre el movimiento surrealista

Many times, we do not know in depth the artistic movements and we can even confuse them with others. That is why, here, we have five things or main characteristics that you should know about this movement so you can be very clear if an artistic piece belongs to it when you appreciate it. Let's start!

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1. Its principles

The surrealist movement was one of the artistic vanguards that determined art in the 20th century. As stated by arteac.es, this was a literary movement and as it was born in France in 1924 with a manifesto of the writer, poet, essayist, and surrealist theorist André Breton. In its beginnings, as it affirms the portal Historia-arte, it had been thought as a fundamentally literary project but this transcended to other disciplines such as painting, sculpture, photography, cinema, among others.

2. There is no "Surrealist" style

Surrealism,according to the definition of Arteac, is that expression of thought or of the subconscious. It is something purely personal, because there is no "surrealist style".


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3. Its precursors

As stated by the portal Historia-arte, each author lived it in a particular way but it was possible to identify that art was spontaneous and fluid, with its own figurative universes or in a naturalistic way, showing the world of dreams and the unconscious.

There are three precursors of the surrealist movement in art, according to the portal masdearte.com, the French painter Henri Rousseau, the also French painter but of Russian origin Marc Chagall, and the considered creator of metaphysical painting, Giorgio De Chirico .


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4. Representative Artists

There are several artists who are part of this movement of different nationalities, so it was a movement that not only stayed in places like Europe but also crossed borders. Among the most representative artists are: the Spanish Salvador Dalí (1904-1989), the Austrian Wolfgang Paalen who went into exile in Mexico and whose work is little known but who pioneered installation, according to historia-arte, the American Man Ray, Maruja Mallo from Spain, and Hans Bellmer, among others.


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5. Representative Works

There are several works that give an account of the artistic forms that characterize this movement, among them the best known can be highlighted:

  • "The son of man" by the Belgian René Magritte.
  • "Blue Immersion" and "Signs and constellations in love with a woman" by the Spanish Joan Miró.
  • "The broken column" by the Mexican Frida Kahlo. 
  • "Sala Mae West" by the Spanish Salvador Dali.

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LatinAmerican Post | Ana María Aray Mariño

Translated from "5 cosas que debes saber sobre el movimiento surrealista"

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