What you should know about the Dadaist Movement

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These are the things that you should know about this movement that revolutionized the art world

What you should know about the Dadaist current

Leer en español: Lo que debes saber sobre la corriente dadaísta

Many artistic movements have taken place throughout history and Dadaism was one of the most important, so we want to show you some aspects that you should know about this movement.

Read also: 5 things you should know about the surrealist movement

With what intention?

This artistic movement was born to destroy all the system and code established in the art world, according to arteespana.com portal. It started about 1916 in a coffee in Zurich where poems were recited. Zurich, because of the outbreak of the First World War, had then become a refuge for migrants from Europe who sought to escape.

The movement has the peculiarity of not being a rebel movement that went against the previous school, because as it affirms the same portal, the city was a meeting place of different artistic schools, within which were the German expressionism, the Italian Futurism, and French Cubism. One of the most particular characteristics of the movement is its questioning of the concept of art.


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Who founded the Dadaist movement in the middle of the First World War was the Romanian poet Tristan Tzara, together with the German artist Hugo Ball and the French-German sculptor, painter and poet Hans Arp.



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Artistic methods

The artistic and literary methods used in common by the Dadaists are incomprehensible on purpose. Between theatrical performances and manifestos collided or tearing the audience to surprise him, this was his intention, as published by the portal profeenhistoria.com. Besides innovating in their techniques, they used new materials to carry out their pieces as objects found in the streets, as if by chance, they chose the elements that would make up their works.


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Several artists were part of this current, among them are:

  • Marcel Duchamp, who with his art ironed the way for later movements such as Art Pop and Op Art.
  • Max Ernst, painter, and sculptor who was involved in other artistic movements and who contributed to dadaism with collages and photomontages.
  • Man Ray, defender of photography as an art, was the creator and promoter of the elaborate creative photo, with which he always tried to make an approximation between photography and painting. He was also one of the first to realize the deconstruction of photography through the transformation of traditional photos.

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LatinAmerican | Ana María Aray Mariño

Translated from "Lo que debes saber sobre la corriente dadaísta"

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