Following the latest marches that have taken place in different countries of Latin America, remember that of last weekend in Mexico, Latin American women increasingly raise their voices to reject any act of gender violence, rapes and abuses against them .
A woman holds a sign that says "Enough of feminicide" during the demonstration on the World Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women in Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 25, 2017. REUTERS / Nacho Doce
Listen to this article
Leer en español: Así están las cifras de feminicidios en América Latina
As seen, those who usually commit homicides are usually couples or former partners.
However, Mexico is not the only country with high rates of femicides. From LatinAmerican Post we show you how the violence against women in Latin America is going.
One of the countries with the highest rate of femicides is Mexico. Due to the figures, Mexico is listed as one of the most insecure countries for women to live; not only for the attempted murder, but for the abuse and harassment.
According to Televisa, "three women are killed a day, and 49 suffer from sexual abuse." Thus, and according to a report by the Executive Secretary of the National Public Security System (SESNSP) , 470 women were victims of femicides in the Aztec country.
Also, according to RT, in the first half of 2019 about 11,691 cases of sexual abuse and 6,594 cases of simple rape have been recorded.
The Central American country stands out for being one of the most violent in the region, being this, together with insecurity, one of the main problems that the State has not been able to eradicate. According to figures from the National Institute of Forensic Sciences (Inacif), 243 feminicides were registered in Guatemala between January and June 2019.
In spite of the high number, compared to 2018, femicides dropped because 277 were reported at the same time. The same entity states that in 2018 alone, 723 femicides were registered.
According to figures published by the Center for Women's Studies-Honduras (CEDM-H) and replicated by Radio América, as of April 2019, 60 feminicides had been submitted. According to the same media, "the Center for Women's Studies and other organizations have denounced that 96% of femicides remain in impunity in the country."
However, it should be remembered that Honduras has been one of the only countries to launch initiatives to combat the fight against gender-based violence and femicide, called Spotlight, and which seeks to combat new homicides against women every 16 hours.
According to Efe, the National Civil Police of El Salvador announced that as of May 2019, about 120 women had been killed. Despite representing a low figure, at the same time but in 2018 169 were registered, the majority of crimes against women remain in impunity, as deputy Dina Argueta recalled to the media 'El Salvador.
According to the Catholic group for the Right to Decide, until the middle of August 2019, 44 women had been victims of femicides in the country. For women's rights organizations, the rapid rise in numbers, considering that on August 12, three women died in less than 24 hours, is alarming because in 2018 there were 57 feminicides.
Likewise, La Prensa affirms that of the known cases, 78 percent remain in impunity and, according to Martha Flores, a member of the group, in an interview for the same media “There has been no such political will of the authorities, the lack of responsibility of failing to comply with the investigations ... the murderers of women are not found.
As revealed by the Observatory of gender violence against women and access to justice, with data from the Deputy Prosecutor's Office for Gender, as of August 6, 2019, 8 femicides have been registered.
Of which 7 have been justified under the Law on Criminalization of Violence against Women, which sanctions with a penalty of 20 to 35 years "to whom to death a woman with whom he maintains a marriage relationship, in fact declared union or not . " While the remainder was extended, the violent deaths of women are sanctioned, by gender, where there was no marriage or free union relationship: for example, deaths during courtship, after a divorce, after the cessation of a de facto union and those that occur in the public sphere, following a sexual attack, among others ”, according to the same organization.
As of July 2019, 12 cases of femicides had been reported in Panama, according to the Public Ministry. However, 17 women were violently murdered and as specified by the entity, women who are classified as 'Violent Death' refers to all homicides of female persons who were not considered as femicides according to the Prosecutor's assessment. of the case.
According to the Observatory of gender violence “Now they see us”, until July 2019, 195 femicides had been presented, of which they report that March was the month with more cases, reaching 33.
According to statistics, in 39 percent of cases, your partner was the cause of the murder, while 21 percent corresponded to your ex-partner. In addition 65 percent of cases occurred in the victim's home.
| #DeQueLadoEstas | La presidente del Observatorio de Género @ahoraquesinosv4, @raquelvivanco, dio detalles del último informe sobre violencias de género. Las cifras son (siguen siendo) preocupantes.— Radio Única (@radiounicalp) 5 de agosto de 2019
According to the statements of Miguel Ángel Mercado, director of the Special Force for the Fight Against Violence (FELCV), so far this year, 81 femicides have been submitted, the most recent being on August 21 where the corpse of a woman in the municipality of El Alto, in Bolivia
As we reported , Bolivia declared femicide as a national priority, due to the increase in these homicides and according to the government, efforts to combat violence would increase.
The South American giant is classified among the fifteen countries with the highest rates of femicides in the world by the World Health Organization. According to a statement by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR ) as of February 2019, 126 cases of femicide had been filed in Brazil.
According to the same entity, "in most cases, the murdered women had previously denounced their aggressors, faced serious acts of domestic violence or suffered previous attacks or attempted homicide." The numbers are expected to continue to grow, because in 2018 alone “there were 4,254 intentional homicides of women, of which only 1,173 were typified as femicides,” according to Ipsos news. According to the Brazilian Public Security Forum (FBSP) , 2017 was the year with the most femicides in the history of Brazil: 4,936.
You may want to read: UN asks for more help to deal with the Venezuelan refugee crisis
According to official figures, 44 femicides have been registered in the country so far this year. However, under the law that classifies whether it is a femicide or not (identified as the murder of a woman made by who is or has been her husband or cohabitant) several cases have been left out of the official figures.
The above is consistent with the last case just a few weeks ago, as the 17-year-old victim was stabbed several times by her 18-year-old ex-boyfriend. Since they did not live together, their case could not be classified as femicide.
Together with several Latin American countries, Colombia is among the countries with the most insecurity for women. For the president of the Patriotic Union party, Aida Abello, in conversations with the New Century, “there is no unity in the figures that each entity manages. They all have different numbers and diverse categories that allow all kinds of interpretations. ” According to Abello, up to May 2019, 41 cases of femicides had been registered.
However, for the Colombia Feminicide Observatory , until May 2019 and following up on the national press, 248 cases of femicide had been submitted; being that month one with the highest figures: 70 cases.
From January to August 8, 2019, 82 cases of femicides have been submitted, according to the Latin American Association for Alternative Development (Village) . According to the figures, 44.1 percent of the women were within 25 to 39 years. In addition, a new case is presented every three days.
According to the Observatory of the Ministry of Women , in the first half of 2019 there were 19 cases of femicides. According to the observatory, in Paraguay the weapon most used to commit the crime is the white weapon. Also, compared to 2018, fewer victims are reported than that year.
According to the group “Not one less”, and after a massive march on August 17, 105 cases of femicides have been presented in Peru. In addition, they ensure that a woman dies every day in the country.
According to the organization Women in Black, so far in 2019 there have been 14 cases of femicides in Uruguay. In the last two cases that occurred, the killers were former partners of the victims , according to The Observer.
Given the political and therefore migratory crisis in Venezuela, there are no known exact numbers of femicides in that country. However, until February of this year, the account amounted to 8 cases, according to Diario Correo.
On the other hand, and according to the Colombia Feminicide Observatory , from January to April and in the report Venezuelan migrant feminicides in Colombia, 6 cases have been presented in the different departments of Colombia.