Due to trade frictions with China, the US Department of Commerce proposed to control sales of sensitive technologies for the country's security
Sensitive technologies, also known as dual-use technologies, are defined as those products, technologies and services that can address and serve the needs of the civil and military fields, according to Red Seguridad magazine.
Within this framework of dual use are recognized a large number of technologies related to defense material, such as products, weapons, and technologies "specially designed or modified for military use as an instrument of force, information or protection in armed conflicts, as well as destined to the production, test or use of those" , according to Soledad Romero, manager of Ingenia.
Sensitive technologies are also the materials for police or security use or those products commonly used by civilians, whether in transportation, education and entertainment, health, biotechnology, security, textiles, chemicals and materials, energy, electronics and communications, but that can be applied to military use.
Within these sensitive technologies, according to the US Department of Commerce, are artificial intelligence techniques that include the "neural network", the "deep learning", the automatic processing of natural language or virtual assistance.
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These techniques can be used for military purposes and are the key element of several computer products marketed by American companies, such as connected objects, autonomous vehicles, and smartphones.
That is why, in a context of trade frictions with China, a nation accused by Donald Trump of "stealing" US intellectual property, the Commerce Department proposed to control the sales of "several emerging technologies that are necessary for the national security of the United States."
According to an official statement of the White House, published earlier this week, Washington wants to "avoid" the transfer of these technologies "having a negative impact on the United States' leadership in science, technology, industry and engineering."
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In addition, these export control laws are intended to protect the country by keeping goods and technology out of the reach of third countries and terrorists.
However, according to Daniel Castro, vice president of Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, ending these exports would be counterproductive for Donald Trump and his government, because "other countries can take similar measures," he explained.
"This will mean that US companies will be deprived of certain markets," he added, recalling the need for "international collaboration in emerging technology research," including with China.
LatinAmerican Post | Luisa Báez
Translated from "Estas son las tecnologías sensibles que EE.UU se niega a darle a China"
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