New Immigration Policy: Good And Bad News For Migrants In The United States
On the one hand, it facilitated the application of work permits, but also the deportation of migrants without documents.
LatinAmerican Post | Santiago Gómez Hernández
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Leer en español: Nuevas políticas de migración: buenas y malas noticias para migrantes en Estados Unidos
The United States seems to treat the immigration issue with the idea of a carrot and a stick. On the one hand, it changed the process for applying for work permits which could affect and benefit several migrants from specific countries, but, in the same way, it facilitates processes that could put 30,000 immigrants without valid residence permits at risk of deportation.
Simplification of work permits
Asylum seekers who had permission to remain in the country while their legal situation was resolved could apply for work permits. This procedure often ended up being tedious and difficult for various migratory groups, which delayed the possibility of being employed soon this ended up affecting the economic situation they even ended up being in the interests of employers who offered them low-paid jobs without all legal guarantees.
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Well, since last week, some asylum seekers from certain countries will have the opportunity to carry out the process electronically on the web, according to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS).
This facility in the way they can enter the labor market would benefit the United States, among others, refugees who started the asylum application process 150 days ago and are awaiting a response from the State. Another benefited group is those migrants who have an expulsion order for not having a valid visa, but who, based on the risk they may run in their countries, are classified as "withholding of removal." These two population groups will benefit from access to a work permit, while their immigration status is resolved.
According to the Office of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), by the end of 2022, there were more than 250,000 interceptions of immigrants without documents at the southern border of the United States, representing an increase in migration. This is due to an increase in migrants from Nicaragua or Cuba.
They stick to the immigrants
However, almost at the same time that it seeks to reduce the waiting time in immigration processes and to decongest the southern border, a plan that would deport nearly 30,000 people per month also came into effect.
This measure is focused, according to the CBP, on people without valid visas from countries such as Cuba, Haiti, Nicaragua, and Venezuela, which are the main sources of migration in recent years.
The new measure of the Biden administration seeks to stop and reduce the flow of migrants that arrives every day in the United States illegally crossing the border with Mexico. For this reason, people who entered under this measure will be sent to the Aztec country, as a safe third country.
However, only those captured immigrants who do not have prior approval of a petition for humanitarian parole to enter the United States will be expelled.
However, the process has at the same time increased to some 30,000 asylum seekers a month from Venezuela, Cuba, Haiti, and Nicaragua for applicants for humanitarian permits. But all these must process and receive a positive seal before traveling to the giant of the north. In this way, the Biden administration seeks to prevent the mass and uncontrolled arrival of people and strengthen and encourage legal and organized migration, meeting certain quotas and maximums.
This is why those who are detained and expelled under this new regulation will not be able to access humanitarian permits. What's more, those who arrive in Panama or Mexico illegally will not be able to apply either, trying even to reduce the bottleneck that Mexico has become.